3: Short-term Memory
Making a Title page (New page, 5)
the same font and font size for all pages of the manuscript. This
includes page numbers.
Make one inch margin (left, right, top and bottom) on all manuscript
Page number (right-hand top corner, ˝ inch below the paper’s edge)
Running head (left flushed, the running head should be written in
capitals, 50 letters or less).
Title (make a meaningful and a creative title)
Author and affiliation (Your name and Institution)
Writing the Abstract (New page, 10)
the title page, on a new page write the abstract. Abstract is a
synopsis of the research paper. It outlines a summary of all the major
sections in the manuscript report, like the introduction, methods,
results, and the discussion. For lab 1, you only have methods and
results sections, so write your abstract comprising of these sections
only. Word count for an abstract is between 150-250 words. The
abstract is left flushed and not tabbed. Write all numbers as Arabic
numerals, except those numbers that begin a sentence (see section 2.04
of the APA manual for details).
Writing the Introduction (New page, 20)
introduction comes after the abstract. The introduction begins with
the title of the study. Center the title with uppercase lowercase
letters, and do not bold, italicize, or underline them. Do not write
the word “introduction” at the beginning of the introduction text.
Writing the introduction means writing form general to specific. Start
Writing the Method section (New page, 30)
title word “Method” centered on the page with uppercase lowercase
letters and is bold. The subheads,
Participants, Materials, Design and Procedure,
are flush left and bold too.
The point of the method section is to tell your reader what you
did and how you did it. You should have enough information so
that your reader can 1) evaluate your design and procedure and 2)
replicate your experiment. Do not include any other information in
this section. For example, you should not explain why you chose the
design you did here. That goes in the introduction.
are the subsections of the method section. Provide details of what you
should include in each of these subsections by addressing the
were your participants? (Age, sex, location, and so on)
How many participants did you have?
How did you recruit your participants?
How did you compensate your participants?
How did you test the participants, as individuals or as groups?
materials did you use? Specify computer and software. Add reference.
Describe in detail if these are not standard materials.
Describe the stimuli in detail (Refer to MEL LAB for these details,
also run the experiment again to get the details from the computer
screens. Run the experiment in “demo” mode.
type of design did you use? (Within-subject, between-subject, or mixed
What are the independent variables and what are the levels of each?
What is the dependent variable?
Specify the statistical tests used.
did the experimenter conduct the experiment?
What were the instructions? What did the participants do?
Is the experimental manipulation clear?
What control features did you use? (Random assignment,
counterbalancing, and so on)
Writing the Results section (Continue pages from
Method section, 10)
Specify what constituted the data. State whether you found a
significant main effect for the independent variable. Write the
appropriate statistics [e.g., F(1, 46) = 8.41, p < .05, ηP
= 0.07, see page 117 of APA manual]. State and compare the means and
SE [e.g., M = 45.23, SE = 2.34] for pairs of conditions
when using post-hoc Tukey HSD test. Say whether each pair comparison
was statistically significant (use p-values from the post-hoc test).
State your results in words, as if you were supporting the hypothesis.
Writing the Discussion section (Continue pages
from Results section, 10)
Reiterate your hypothesis. Specify which ones are significant and
which ones are not. Interpret your results, i.e., to say that your
treatments lead to change in your measures and not confounding
variables. State what does that mean in terms of a phenomenon under
study. Align your results in light of theories or models. Rectify
contradictions or clarify ideas in the light of previous studies. Talk
about the implications of the study and propose future studies.
Reference page (New page, 5)
five-seven references. Check APA manual and section 6.22, for
Figure page (New page, 15)
section 5.23 in the APA manual for making figures. The figure caption
and the figure itself are on the figure page. Figure pages are
numbered. The caption comes on top of the figure.
Points for Lab 2: 115